Keystone Wildlife Research
Ltd. was formed in 1984 and has grown from an owner-operated
company to a full-service environmental consulting firm,
providing biological and resource management consulting
services to clients in the public and private sectors
throughout British Columbia. The combined expertise
of our dynamic team results in the creation of high quality,
cost effective, spatially defined professional products with competitive, innovative solutions
to meet the challenges involved in successful resource management.
We are currently working on a variety of projects including effects assessments,
mitigation measures, inventories for a wide range of vegetation and wildlife,
as well as ecological mapping.
We have a long list of satisfied clients including: federal,
provincial, and municipal government agencies, forestry,
mineral exploration, utility, and land
development companies, as well as crown corporations and private
In 2005, Keystone began work on the wildlife and terrestrial vegetation baseline for the BC Hydro Site C
Clean Energy Project and continued to work on the Project for the next seven years,
carrying out wildlife and vegetation surveys, and completing Terrestrial Ecosystem Mapping (TEM) of the Peace River Valley.
Keystone crews—including biological/species specialists—collected data on breeding birds, waterfowl, owls, woodpeckers, swallows,
amphibians, snakes, terrestrial invertebrates, bats, ungulates, beavers, and fishers. Surveys were conducted by foot,
vehicle, helicopter, fixed-wing aircraft, and boat. Radio-telemetry techniques were used to obtain movement data
on ungulates, fishers, and bats.
Survey data were analyzed and reports were prepared by Keystone biologists and provided to BC Hydro to support the
Project's environmental baseline. The Site C Project entered the environmental assessment process in April of 2010.
Keystone was contracted to prepare the wildlife and terrestrial vegetation environmental assessment, including a
synthesis of baseline data, assessment of potential effects, preparation of mitigation strategies, and assessment of
residual effects. All phases of work on the Project required close communication with BC Hydro staff to ensure
Keystone's work was co-ordinated with that of other disciplines and to ensure timely completion of the deliverables,
which were an integral part of the Project's Environmental Assessment. The Project moved into Panel review in late 2013.
Keystone biologists attended the Panel hearings and were called upon to answer questions from the Panel regarding
terrestrial wildlife and vegetation and the potential impacts of the Project.
BC Hydro staff was complimentary of
Keystone's work throughout the Project's development and appreciative of the prompt responses received to
requests for information or clarification. BC Hydro's retention of Keystone's services since 2005 is a testament to the
quality of our work.